The Working Group on Financial Markets (also, President’s Working Group on Financial Markets, the Working Group, and colloquially the Plunge Protection Team) was created by Executive Order 12631, signed on March 18, 1988 by United States President Ronald Reagan.
The Group was established explicitly in response to events in the financial markets surrounding October 19, 1987 (“Black Monday“) to give recommendations for legislative and private sector solutions for “enhancing the integrity, efficiency, orderliness, and competitiveness of [United States] financial markets and maintaining investor confidence”.
As established by Executive Order 12631, the Working Group consists of:
- The Secretary of the Treasury, or his designee (as Chairman of the Working Group);
- The Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, or his designee;
- The Chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission, or his designee; and
- The Chairman of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission, or his designee.
Plunge Protection Team
“Plunge Protection Team” was originally the headline for an article in The Washington Post on February 23, 1997, and has since become a colloquial term used by some mainstream publications to refer to the Working Group. Initially, the term was used to express the opinion that the Working Group was being used to prop up the markets during downturns. Financial writers for British newspapers The Observer and The Daily Telegraph, along with U.S. Congressman Ron Paul and writers Kevin Phillips (who claims “no personal firsthand knowledge” and is “not interested in becoming a conspiracy investigator”) and John Crudele, have charged the Working Group with going beyond their legal mandate. Claims about the Working Group, which are labeled conspiracy theories by some writers, generally include that it is an orchestrated mechanism that attempts to manipulate U.S. stock markets in the event of a market crash by using government funds to buy stocks, or other instruments such as stock index futures—acts which are forbidden by law. In August 2005, Sprott Asset Management released a report that argued that there is little doubt that the PPT intervened to protect the stock market. However, these articles usually refer to the Working Group using moral suasion to attempt to convince banks to buy stock index futures.
Former Federal Reserve Board member Robert Heller, in the Wall Street Journal, opined that “Instead of flooding the entire economy with liquidity, and thereby increasing the danger of inflation, the Fed could support the stock market directly by buying market averages in the futures market, thereby stabilizing the market as a whole.” His statement has been used to claim that the Fed actually did act in that way. Mainstream analysts call those claims a conspiracy theory, explaining that such claims are simplistic and unworkable.
Market Crisis of 2008
On 06 October 2008, the working group issued a statement indicating that it was taking multiple actions available to it in order to attempt to stabilize the financial system, although purchase of stock shares was not part of the statement. The government may wind up owning shares in the firms to which it has provided loans, as they will receive warrants as collateral for these loans.
There are just four people who control all of the U.S. markets through their use of dangerous and explosive DERIVATIVES. They are risking the assets and retirement funds of all Americans. Because of their manipulations, especially since 2001, U.S. financial markets are now based on the gambling whims of a special fraternity of Federal Government DERIVATIVE dealers.
This group is known among Wall Street as the Plunge Protection Team (PPT). Their “official” role was to prevent another 1987 “Black Monday”. They have the entire U.S. Treasury at their disposal to manipulate the markets through DERIVATIVES (futures options). In other words, they are using the assets behind the U.S. Treasury to rig the prices of commodities (gold, currencies, etc.) and stocks.
This fraternity comprises of Fed Chairman, the Secretary of the Treasury, and the heads of the SEC and the Commodity Futures Trading Association. It works closely with all the U.S. exchanges and Wall Street banks, including the largest DERIVATIVE risk holders Citibank and JP Morgan Chase.
Few people are aware of Executive Order 12631 signed by Ronald Reagan on March 18, 1988. In a nut shell, this is the “authority” behind the four dictators and the [sic] “laws” and “regulations” that have backed their casino-style DERIVATIVE gambling spree since 2001. Here are some highlights of this Executive Order to ponder:
Executive Order 12631 – Working Group on Financial Markets – Mar. 18, 1988; 53 FR 9421, 3 CFR, 1988 Comp., p. 559.
“By virtue of the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and laws of the United States of America, and in order to establish a Working Group on Financial Markets, it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. Establishment. (a) There is hereby established a Working Group on Financial Markets (Working Group). The Working Group shall be composed of:
(1) the Secretary of the Treasury, or his designee; (2) the Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, or his designee; (3) the Chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission, or his designee; and (4) the Chairman of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission, or his/her designee.
Section 2. Purposes and Functions. (a) Recognizing the goals of enhancing the integrity, efficiency, orderliness, and competitiveness of our Nation’s financial markets and maintaining investor confidence, the Working Group shall identify and consider:
(2) the actions, including governmental actions under existing laws and regulations (such as policy coordination and contingency planning), that are appropriate to carry out these recommendations.
(b) The Working Group shall consult, as appropriate, with representatives of the various exchanges, clearinghouses, self-regulatory bodies, and with major market participants to determine private sector solutions wherever possible.
Section 3. Administration. (c) To the extent permitted by law and subject to the availability of funds therefore, the Department of the Treasury shall provide the Working Group with such administrative and support services as may be necessary for the performance of its functions.”
The pre-911 U.S. markets showed an astounding – yet confounding and puzzling – rise for the 4 months proceeding 911. The U.S. media dubbed it a “patriotic rally”. The European Press called it a “PPT [Plunge Protection Team] rally”. Obviously, the U.S. markets were manipulated and rigged to an inflated value in advance of the 911 disaster. Was this a coordinated measure in anticipation of what was to come? Only The Powers That Be can answer that question directly.
Since 911, there have been at least four major long-term stock market rallies. In all 4 instances, when the markets opened all the indexes began to quickly plunge. In each incidence, by early afternoon the markets were brought back from the brink of collapse to the surprise of everyone, including historical analysts.
An event that should have sent markets spiraling downward was the Enron, et al, unprecedented corporate accounting scandals. Yet despite this, an unprecedented across-the-board markets rally began on July 24, 2002. Once again, the European Press called it a “PPT rally”.
Outside the U.S., it’s no secret who is behind these secretive “no-name” purchases of high risk DERIVATIVE gambling wagers:
On September 16th, 2001, The Guardian reported “that a secretive committee… dubbed ‘the plunge protection team’… is ready to coordinate intervention by the Federal Reserve on an unprecedented scale. The Fed, supported by the banks, will buy equities from mutual funds and other institutional sellers… ”
On Feb 21, 2002, the Financial Times featured an article about Japan’s Stock Buying Body. The article stated that “…government backed equity markets, as Japan has recently become aware, do not work… Plunge protecting the world’s markets may be a hazardous pursuit.”
In each of these occurrences, a large “no-name” buyer in the futures market secretly plunged in and bought up massive quantities of DERIVATIVES through banking groups such as JP Morgan Chase. These were completely reckless gambling bets that the futures index [S&P] would rise even though it was obvious that it was going to fall. Because such a large amount of money was wagered on the S&P’s rise, in each instance, it reversed the market’s free-fall.
At the Federal Open Market Committee meeting on Jan 29-30, 2002, the Federal Reserve System (Greenspan) openly discussed the use of “unconventional methods” to stimulate the economy. Recently, the Financial Times of London quoted an anonymous U.S. Fed official who stated that one of the extraordinary measures “considered” in January 2004 was “buying U.S. equities”.
These gambling interventions by the “Four Financial Dictators” have successfully brought the markets back each time… despite the inflated financial realities that existed. The purchase of these gambling DERIVATIVES at a great loss has transformed each market crisis into a rally. By manipulating the markets in this way, they have further inflated the highly overvalued market indexes.
Perhaps Americans can now understand why the major U.S. banks, such as JP Morgan Chase, are holding TRILLIONS of gambling derivatives on their books as the PPT group of four use them to rig the markets. Sooner or later, these market “fixes” will no longer hold the bubble from bursting.
Thus, we have witnessed the creation and growth of the financial bubble that is on the brink of explosion… and we know who rigs and controls the markets to create this inflated bubble of gambling debt.
Paper Stocks Rise as Metals Loose – PTT Rigging is Obvious
In the same modus operandi, the PPT group of 4 is currently buying metals futures (DERIVATIVES) in great amounts on the New York and Chicago exchanges. They have created a loss in silver and gold indexes by purchasing (at U.S. taxpayer’s expense) large gambling bets (derivatives) against the true value of intrinsic metals.
The result is that they have rigged the value of metals to discourage investors from purchasing gold and silver instead of U.S. Federal Reserve Notes. This is a measure by the PPT to plug a large hole in the bursting dam of the financial bubble, but even Hans Brinker cannot stop this leak.
The bottom line, stick with history and prepare for the financial explosion. When the bubble deflates and pops, economic deflation will control our daily lives. The PPT cannot continue to spend what it doesn’t have. The retirement funds they are “borrowing” from are already exhausted. Get yourself some gold and silver… it will buy your bread to survive in the coming future… while paper Federal Reserve Notes will burn in your furnace to heat your homes.
The unusual circumstances that led the U.S. market to rally powerfully in 2009 might be explained by secret government moves to buy stocks, according to Charles Biderman, the founder and chief executive of TrimTabs, a research firm that tracks liquidity flows in the market.
“We cannot identify the source of the new money that pushed stock prices up so far so fast,” Biderman said in a statement.
The source of approximately $600 billion net new cash necessary to lift the market’s overall capitalization by $6 trillion last year could not be identified by TrimTabs, Biderman said. The money, he said, didn’t come from traditional players such as companies, retail investors, foreign investors, hedge funds or pension funds.
“We know that the U.S. government has spent hundreds of billions of dollars to support the auto industry, the housing market, and the banks and brokers. Why not support the stock market as well?”
The Federal Reserve or the Treasury, Biderman said, could have easily manipulated the stock market by purchasing $60 to $70 billion worth of futures of the S&P 500 on a monthly basis.
There were net outflows from U.S. stock funds since March of 2008 as investors plowed hundreds of billions of dollars into bond funds, one of the many troubling aspects of the recent stellar performance of equity markets that becomes all the more puzzling after former Fed chief Alan Greenspan recently cited the rise in stock market capitalization as one of the major factors in the nascent economic “recovery”.
Today, April 12, 2010 the market is flirting at the 11,000 level. With unemployment where it is and credit markets tight, and consumer credit shrinking , how can the market be where it is? The same PPT is at work. As I have said many times this market is NOT REAL. The question really should be why such an extraordinary effort to “Prop” up the market? Is it just a matter of protecting the world’s economies or is there another driving reason? The second big question is that in any transaction someone is profiting, so who is profiting from the actions of the PPT? Interesting questions, interesting indeed.